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Goals & Objectives of Software Testing

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Testscenario Testing Team

01/04/2024
Goals & Objectives of Software Testing

What is Software Testing?

Within the software development life cycle, software testing is a very critical phase, focusing on the functionality, reliability, and performance of a software application in meeting the specified requirements. It is an execution of the application under controlled conditions to trace existing software bugs or defects, if any. The main aim for doing software testing is to find errors, gaps, or missing requirements in contrast with the actual requirements.

Software testing includes different types of functional testing to evaluate specific functions or features of the application; integration testing evaluates how the interactions take place among the various components of the software; and system testing includes the assessment of performance made on the application in an environment resembling production. It helps to ensure that the new changes are not affecting the existing functionality of the software in an adverse way. Software testing can be performed manually or with the assistance of automated tools. The basic premise of manual testing means human testers enacting as end-users to conduct tests and report issues, while in an automated form, predefined testing cases get executed with the help of specialized tools.

Know more about : Software Testing Process, Methodology and Tools

Why is Software Testing Necessary?

Software testing is an integral part of the software development lifecycle for several compelling reasons:

Ensures Quality and Reliability: Software testing is crucial for ensuring that the final product is of high quality and functions as intended. It helps in identifying any discrepancies between the actual outcomes and the expected results under specified conditions. By detecting defects early in the development process, software testing contributes to the reliability and stability of the product, ensuring it performs well under various scenarios and usage conditions.

Enhances User Satisfaction: The success of software largely depends on user satisfaction. Testing helps to discover the problems with usability and proves that the user interface should be intuitive and that software has to fully satisfy the needs and expectations of the user. It helps in the design of software that will find acceptability and appreciation from the end-users because it actually puts its focus into practice.

Reduces Development Cost: The identification of defects and their correction in the early development process stage is way more costly than doing post-deployment corrections of software. Testing software allows the location of defects to be earlier, and this results in reduced costs of late fixes. Such costs can include not only the direct costs related to remediation but also indirect ones to the organization, in terms of delayed timelines and lost opportunities.

Do you find your software should meet the above needs to bug free and have a great user experience? Get connected with us today for software testing for your app.

Eases Compliance with Regulatory Standards: There are regulatory standards under which most industries are to be run, and the software has to comply with the standards for them to be allowed in use. The software testing seeks to determine this by verification, so that the regulatory requirements pertain to standards of security data, accessibility, and privacy, which shall form part of the requirement met by the software. Compliance is crucial for avoiding legal issues and fines, and for building trust with users and stakeholders.

Mitigates Risks: Software testing helps in identifying and mitigating potential risks associated with the software. This includes not only technical risks such as security vulnerabilities and performance issues but also business risks: not being able to be on par with market needs or their consequences—negative impact on brand reputation due to poor software quality. By identifying these risks early, organisations can take proactive measures to address them before they cause harm. In fact, software testing is important in order to give the quality of products fulfilling user needs, regulations, and business objectives while minimising risks that the company or project has to deal with regarding development costs.

Key Objectives of Software Testing

Software testing is a very paramount activity within the software development lifecycle, whereby its aim is to provide product realisation that is both reliable and effective, thus of high quality.

Here are five main objectives of software testing: 

  1. Verification and Validation: It is a verification activity carried out to assure that the product is developed in a way that requires the same time validating if it is fit for the intended use and expectations of the stakeholders. Follow this with the assurance of expected behaviour in the software and to give confidence in quality, thus meeting the intended purpose.
  2. Identification of Defects: The other basic aim of software testing in the very first stage is to detect as many defects, bugs, and errors in the software as possible. If found at this stage, it is way less costly and doesn’t take long to fix, so the positive impact on quality and stability is out of the question.
  3. Defects Prevention: In very simple words, the purpose of software testing whether it is mobile application testing or web application testing is not a defect find; rather, it is more for preventing defects. Systematic software testing and result analysis let the development team identify the causes of defects and possible corrective actions, so as not to repeat its occurrence in the future, ensuring a better quality standard in practice of software development.
  4. Ensuring Quality Attributes in the Product: Some of the quality attributes tested with software testing include functionality, performance, usability, security, compatibility, and scalability, among others. It means the testing processes ensure that the software product is attuned to quality standards that have been defined either by the development team or the standards defined within the industry for smooth user experience.
  5. Risk Management: Software testing like automation testing or manual testing, largely helps in managing the risks linked to software failures. Testing identifies all probable problems that will have an impact on the users and consequently the operation of the business in bad ways, and it allows time for fixing; hence, it reduces the opportunity risks associated with deployment. This includes assessing security vulnerabilities, performance bottlenecks, and reliability problems in software in such a way that these areas of the software will not expose the product to significant risks on software release.

5 Goals of Software Testing

The main goals of software testing are designed to ensure the delivery of a high-quality software product that meets the needs of its users and stakeholders. Here are five important goals of software testing:

  1. Ensure Software Quality: A fundamental goal of software testing is to ensure that the software meets the required quality standards and specifications. The quality involves the different characteristics or attributes, such as functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Testing is done to prove these attributes of the software against a specified set of conditions in which they would be the software to perform properly.
  2. Detection and identification of defects: the key objective is to make sure that detection and identification of defects, bugs, and errors of software are done in an early and effective manner.
  3. Reduced Development Costs: In software development, most of the cost of rectifying software defects is in the identification of the software defects, and the earlier this is done, the cheaper it is. The cost of fixing a defect increases significantly with the time it has been detected, especially after deployment. Software testing helps minimize those costs by identifying the problem and dealing with it at an early stage.
  4. Verify Compliance with Requirements: Software testing verifies that the software meets all specified requirements and complies with industry standards, legal regulations, and user expectations. This includes both functional requirements (what the software does) and non-functional requirements (how the software performs under certain conditions).

Facilitate User Acceptance: A third major goal of software testing, which is as important as the rest, is facilitating user acceptance. This includes subjecting software to various user-based tests to ensure it is intuitive, user-friendly, and capable of efficiently carrying out the desired tasks. This is actually a critical focus area of user acceptance testing (UAT) by the team to ensure that the software will, at the end of the day, meet the desires and expectations of the users. These objectives reiterate that software testing is not just an activity of a development phase but a continuous practice, helping in making efficient delivery with high quality, maximising user satisfaction, and lowering risks associated with deployment and software use.

Benefits of Software Testing

Software testing is amongst the most essential parts of the software development process, as it brings a large number of benefits altogether and helps one to build reliable, high-quality products that are easy to use.

These include the five key benefits of software testing: 

Product Quality Improvement: One of the greatest advantages that accrues from software testing is the improvement of product quality related to the software application. It is through this testing that bugs are derived and corrected at earlier stages of development, meaning software will perfectly run under any environment. This would also ensure the software adheres to stipulated requirements of functionality, performance, and usability standards that accrue to a more polished and improved product.

Enhances User Satisfaction: Software testing is crucial in creating a positive user experience. In so doing, testing ensures that from the use of the software, the user is comfortably able to perform the said tasks. That is, the software should be intuitive, easy to use, and with no critical bugs that are likely to frustrate the users. This way, satisfied users are much more likely to become loyal customers who recommend the product to others and comment positively, which eventually helps in the success of this product.

Lowers Cost and Time of Development: The cost of fixing any defect found in the later stages of development or after deployment is many times what could have been invested in fixing it when identified. The early integration of software testing into the development lifecycle is a key step in finding and fixing issues as they emerge. It really saves from the economy of time and resources: avoiding either wastage or reduction of the whole development cost that could result from expensive patches and updates after releasing.

Helps in Standard Compliance: Most industries require software that complies with a certain standard and regulation, especially those referring to security, privacy, and accessibility. In this connection, testing shall ensure that the product complies with standards. This avoids the implications of legal actions and fines and loss of reputation. Compliance is therefore key in the fostering of trust by the users and stakeholders, more so in sensitive sectors like finance, health, and government.

Risk Mitigation: Software testing provides an option for the identification and mitigation of potential risk, which will be increased through operations via software. These include not only technical risks, such as security vulnerabilities and performance problems but also business ones, like the impossibility of serving the market or losing the reputation of the company. Then, with such risks in mind, it will be possible for the organisation to take proactive steps in avoiding these risks before software is released, thus ensuring a smoother launch and operation through testing.

Testing Objectives in Different Testing Phases

Testing is a critical phase in software development that ensures the quality, reliability, and performance of software before it reaches end-users. Each testing phase has its own objectives, tailored to validate different aspects of the software. These phases include unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.

In Unit Testing, the smallest parts of the application are the main focus, such as modules or functions. The objective here is to ensure each isolated unit is working properly and effectively. It is an aspect usually in the job description of a developer, to detect bugs while they are still at a primitive stage, making the debugging of the code relatively easy and improving the quality of the code.

Integration testing comes after unit testing, whereby the main focus moves toward how different units come together. In this case, major intentions will be on locating problems with the interface between integrated components. This is the critical stage when some faults that could not be indicated during unit testing—of a nature like data format mismatches, or poor interface interactions—are being exposed.

System Testing is conducted on a complete, integrated system to evaluate the system’s compliance with its requirements. This is an examination that is supposed to prove, above all, the ability of the system to meet all the stated requirements and, at the same time, demonstrate, or rather prove, that the system can operate in an environment that is meant to mimic production. System testing includes types of testing such as performance testing, security testing, usability testing, and others.  Very often, the Acceptance Testing is the last phase aimed to test the readiness of the system for deployment and use from end-users. Its objective is to confirm that the software satisfies the business needs and requirements outlined by the user.

Acceptance testing can further be broken down into User Acceptance Testing (UAT) when real users are testing the system. Beta Testing is the one where a version is released to a limited audience to get some testing and feedback. Each successive test phase builds on the previous one, accelerating the level of software readiness for deployment and ensuring that all constituent parts or pieces of the application are up to quality and user expectations.

Are you willing to have software testing for your application? We at Testscenario will help your software project face challenges in terms of bugs, overcome with performance inconsistencies, user experience issues in turn offering systematic software testing. We provide different software testing like automation testing, manual testing, performance testing, functional testing and many more. Get connected with us today.

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